105 million years ago 44 million years ago
Publications
Publications

ublications.



Complete List of Publications

  1. Books and monographs
  1. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  2. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. (#241 in complete list). Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  3. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. (#235 in complete list) Request PDF from author
  4. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. (#227 in complete list) Purchase this book
  5. Hedges SB, Kumar S (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. (#208 in complete list) Order (entire book free online at www.timetree.org)
  6. Hedges SB, Duellman WE, Heinicke MP. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. (#196 in complete list) Request PDF from author
    1. All publications
    1. 2015
  7. Dίaz, LM, and SB Hedges. 2014. Another new cryptic frog related to Eleutherodactylus varleyi Dunn (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae), from eastern Cuba​. Solenodon 12:124-135. E-print
  8. Hedges, S. B., J. Marin, M. Suleski, M. Paymer & S. Kumar. 2015. Tree of Life Reveals Clock-Like Speciation and Diversification. Mol. Biol. Evol. 32(4):835–845 E-print, Supplement 1, Supplement 2
    1. 2014
  9. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Mijares-Urrutia A, Schargel WE, Hedges SB. 21 Oct 2014. Cytogenetic studies on Gonatodes (Reptilia, Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae).Cytogenet Genome Res. 144(1):47-61. E-Print
  10. Hedges SB. 2014. The high-level classification of skinks (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincomorpha).Zootaxa 3765: 317-338. (Request from author)
  11. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  12. Hedges SB. 2014. The origin of life. In Oxford Bibliographies in Evolutionary Biology Ed. Jonathan Losos. New York: Oxford University Press. Oxford Bibliographies website. (Request from author)
    1. 2013
  13. Wegener, JE, Swoboda S, Hawlitschek O, Franzen M, Wallach V, Vences M, Nagy Z, Hedges SB, Kohler J, Glaw F. 2013. Morphological variation and taxonomic assessment of the endemic Malagasy blind snake family Xenotyphlopidae. Spixiana 36: 269-282. E-print
  14. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A review of the Cnemidophorus lemniscatus group in Central America (Squamata: Teiidae), with comments on other species in the group.Zootaxa 3722: 301-316. Request from author
  15. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Puillandre N, Aplin KP, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Couloux A, Vidal N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 427-441. E-print
  16. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A new species of Phyllodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Phyllodactylidae) from Isla de Guanaja in the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 051-058. Request from author
  17. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. Two additional new species of Sphaerodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae) from the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 040-050. Request from author
  18. Teeling EC, Hedges SB. 2013. Making the impossible possible: rooting the tree of placental mammals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30: 1999-2000. Advance Access E-print
  19. Hedges SB. 2013. Revision shock in taxonomy. Zootaxa 3681: 297-298. Request from author
  20. Reynolds RG, Niemiller ML, Hedges SB, Dornburg A, Puente-Rolon AR, Revell LJ. 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68: 461-470. E-print
  21. Hedges SB. 2013. Caribmap: a mobile-friendly web resource for Caribbean maps that facilitates quantitative historical analysis. Journal of Map and Geography Libraries 9(3): 350-360. Request from author
  22. Barrio-Amoros CL, Heinicke MP, Hedges SB. 2013. A new tuberculated Pristimantis (Anura, Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from the Venezuelan Andes, redescription of Pristimantis pleurostriatus, and variation within Pristimantis vanadisae. Zootaxa 3647: 43-62. Request from author
  23. Colston TJ, Grazziotin FG, Shepard DB, Vitt LJ, Colli GR, Henderson RW, Hedges SB, Bonatto S, Zaher H, Noonan BP, Burbrink FT. 2013. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of tree boas (Corallus spp.).Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 66: 953-959. E-print
  24. Kingdon JA, Seiffert ER, Hedges SB, Rathbun G. 2013. Supercohort Afrotheria. Pp. 143-146 in Kingdon JA, Happold D, Butynski T, Hoffmann M, Happold M, Kalina J (Eds.), Mammals of Africa, Volume 1: Introductory chapters and Afrotheria. Bloomsbury Publishing, London. Published 28 February 2013. E-print Purchase book
  25. Hedges SB. 2013. Wormholes record species history in space and time. Biology Letters 9 (1), 20120926. Request from author
  26. Böhm M, et al. 2013. The conservation status of the world's reptiles.Biological Conservation 157: 372-385. Published online 22 December 2012, in print January 2013. E-print
    1. 2012
  27. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  28. Barrio-Amoros CL, Guayasamin JM, Hedges SB. 2012. A new minute Andean Pristimantis (Anura: Strabomantidae) from Venezuela. Phyllomedusa 11: 83-93. E-print
  29. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Cruaud C, Vidal N. 2013. Tracing the history and biogeography of the Australian blindsnake radiation. J. Biogeogr. 40: 928-937, published online 23 November 2012. Request from author
  30. McCranie JR, Hedges, SB. 2012. Two new species of geckos from Honduras and resurrection of Sphaerodactylus continentalis Werner from the synonymy of Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus Hallowell (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae). Zootaxa 3492: 65-76. Request from author
  31. Hedges, SB. 2012. Amniote phylogeny and the position of turtles. BMC Biology 10 (64):1-2. E-print
  32. Vidal N, Marin J, Sassi J, Battistuzzi FU, Donnellan S, Fitch AJ, Fry BG, Vonk FJ, Rodriguez RC, Couloux A, Hedges SB. 2012. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin of monitor lizards followed by Tertiary dispersals to Africa and Australasia.Biology Letters doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0460. E-print
  33. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. Request from author
  34. Díaz, LM, SB Hedges, M Schmid. 2012. A new cryptic species of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Cuba. Zootaxa 3220: 44-60. Request from author
    1.   
    2. 2011
  35. Hedges, SB. 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63-64. E-print
  36. Kumar S, Hedges, SB. 2011. TimeTree2: species divergence times on the iPhone. Bioinformatics doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/brt315, p. 1-2. E-print
  37. Hedges, SB. 2011. On the use of high-level taxonomic names. Zootaxa 2867:67-68. E-print
  38. Hedges, SB and LM Díaz. 2011. The conservation status of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 31–47 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. E-print
  39. Hedges, SB. 2011. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp. 19–30 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. (reprinted from Applied Herpetology 3:281-292 (2006). E-print
  40. Heinicke MP, Diaz LM, Hedges SB. 2011. Origin of invasive Florida frogs traced to Cuba. Biology Letters, published 26 January 2011, doi 10.1098/rsbl.2010.1131. E-print
    1. 2010
  41. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, and Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. Purchase this book
  42. Hoffman, M. et al. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the World's vertebrates. Science 330: 1503-1509. E-print
  43. Hedges, S.B. 2010. Molecular clocks, flotsam, and Caribbean islands. Pp. 353–354 in Cox, C. B. & P. D. Moore, Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary Approach. 8th Edition (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey). E-print
  44. Battistuzzi FU, Filipski A, Hedges SB, & Kumar S. 2010. Performance of relaxed clock methods in estimating evolutionary divergence times and their credibility intervals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27: 1289-1300. E-print
  45. Vidal, N, Marin J, Morini M, Donnellan S, Branch WR, Thomas R, Vences M, Wynn A, Cruaud C, & Hedges SB. 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6:558-561. E-print Supp
    1. 2009
  46. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Terrestrial-breeding frogs (Strabomantidae) in Peru. Phyllomedusa 8:147–148. E-print
  47. Adalsteinsson, S.A., Branch, W.R., Trape, S., Vitt, L.J., & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50. Request from author
  48. Heinicke, M.P., Duellman, W. E., Trueb, L., Means, D. B., MacCulloch, R. D., Hedges, S. B. 2009. A new frog family (Anura: Terrarana) from South America and an expanded direct-developing clade revealed by molecular phylogeny. Zootaxa 2211: 1-35. Request from author
  49. Vidal, N., Rage, J.-C., Couloux, A., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Snakes (Serpentes). Pp. 390-397 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print Supplementary Information
  50. Hedges, S. B., Vidal, N. 2009. Lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians (Squamata). Pp. 383-389 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  51. Heinicke, M. P., Sander, J. M., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Lungfishes (Dipnoi). Pp. 348-350 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  52. Heinicke, M. P., Naylor, J. P., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes). Pp. 320-327 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  53. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Vertebrates (Vertebrata). Pp. 309-314 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  54. Bhattacharya, D., Yoon, H.-S., Hedges, S. B., Hackett, J. D. 2009. Eukaryotes (Eukaryota). Pp. 116-120 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  55. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Eubacteria. Pp. 106-115 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  56. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Archaebacteria. Pp. 101-105 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  57. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Life. Pp. 89-98 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  58. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Discovering the timetree of life. Pp. 3-18 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  59. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Preface. Pp. xi-xiii in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  60. Hedges, S. B and S. Kumar (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. Order The Timetree of Life Book Cover
  61. Hedges, S. B., A. Couloux, and N. Vidal. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28. E-print
  62. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians. CR Biologies 332:129-139. E-print
  63. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. First record of the genus Aristelliger (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in Cuba, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 2028:31-40. Request from author
  64. Battistuzzi, F.U., and S.B. Hedges.2009. A major clade of prokaryotes with ancient adaptations to life on land. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26:335–344. E-print Supplementary data
    1. 2008
  65. Vidal, N., W.R. Branch, O.S.G. Pauwels, S.B. Hedges, D.G. Broadley, M. Wink, C. Cruaud, U. Joger & Z.T. Nagy. 2008. Dissecting the major African snake radiation: a molecular phylogeny of the Lamprophiidae Fitzinger (Serpentes, Caenophidia). Zootaxa 1945:51–66. Request from author
  66. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Threatened amphibians of the West Indies. Pp. 104–105 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E.(Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  67. Bolaños,F., Castro,F., Cortez,C., De la Riva,I., Grant,T., Hedges,S. B., Heyer,W. R., Ibáñez,R., La Marca,E., Lavilla,E., Silvano,D.L., Lötters,S., Parra Olea,G., Reichle,S., Reynolds,R., Rodríguez,L., Santos Barrera,G., Scott,N. J., Ubeda,C., Veloso,A., Wilkinson,M. and Young, B. 2008. Amphibians of the Neotropical Realm. Pp. 92–99 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E. (Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  68. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Dating old maps with the print clock. The Portolan 72: 25-33. E-print
  69. Hedges, S. B. 2008. At the lower limit of size in snakes: two new species of threadsnakes (Squamata: Leptotyphlopidae: Leptotyphlops) from the Lesser Antilles. Zootaxa 1841:1–30. E-print
  70. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. A replacement name for Isodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008. Zootaxa 1795:67-68. Request from author
  71. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. A new gecko of the genus Tarentola (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from eastern Cuba. Zootaxa 1743:43–52. Request from author
  72. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. Request from author
  73. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Image analysis of Renaissance copperplate prints. Proc. SPIE 6810: 681009. 20 pages. E-print
  74. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Two new minute species of Phrynopus (Lissamphibia: Anura) from the Cordillera Oriental in Peru. Zootaxa 1675:59–66. Request from author
  75. Vidal, N., A. Azvolinsky, C. Cruaud, and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters 4:115-118. Published online 11 December 2007 and in print 7 January 2008. E-print
    1. 2007
  76. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Three new species of Pristimantis (Lissamphibia: Anura) from Montane Forests of the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Phyllomedusa 6:119–135. E-print
  77. Lehr, E., J. B. Pramuk, S. B. Hedges, and J. H. Córdova. 2007. A new species of arboreal Rhinella (Anura: Bufonidae) from Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park in central Peru. Zootaxa 1662:1–14. Request from author
  78. Hedges, S. B. 2007. The amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola and their conservation. Pp. 18–25 in Fernandez, E. M. (Ed.), Hispaniola: a photographic journey through island biodiversity. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. E-print
  79. Heinicke, M. P., W. E. Duellman, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 104:10092-10097. E-print SI text and tables
  80. Vidal, N., A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The higher-level relationships of alethinophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Pp. 27-33 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (Eds.), Biology of the boas and pythons. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah. E-print
  81. Weiss, A. J., and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Antillean geckos Phyllodactylus wirshingi, Tarentola americana, and Hemidactylus haitianus (Reptilia, Squamata). Mol. Phylo. Evol. 45:409-416. E-print
  82. Hedges, S. B., and M. P. Heinicke. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Leptodactylus. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 44:308-314. E-print
  83. Vidal, N., A. S. Delmas, P. David, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The phylogeny and classification of caenophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear protein-coding genes. CR Biologies 330:182-187. E-print
  84. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa 1400:1-26. Request from author
    1. 2006
  85. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2006. Two new species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. Caribb. J. Sci. 42:208-219. E-print (published in early 2007).
  86. Hedges, S. B., F. U. Battistuzzi, and J. E. Blair. 2006. Molecular timescale of evolution in the Proterozoic. Pp. 199-229 in S. Xiao and A. J. Kaufman (Eds.), Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology, Springer, New York. E-print
  87. Hedges, S. Blair. 2006. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Applied Herpetology 3:281-292. E-print
  88. Hedges, S. B., J. Dudley, and S. Kumar. 2006. TimeTree: a public knowledge-base of divergence times among organisms. Bioinformatics 22:2971-2972. E-print
  89. Dominguez, M., L. V. Moreno, and S. B. Hedges. 2006. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from the Guanahacabibes Peninsula of western Cuba. Amphibia-Reptilia 27:427-432. E-print
  90. Hedges, S. B. 2006. Paleogeography of the Antilles and the origin of West Indian Terrestrial Vertebrates. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93:231-244. E-print
  91. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, and M. van Tuinen. 2006. Constraining fossil calibrations for molecular clocks. Bioessays 28:770-771. E-print
  92. Hedges, S. B. 2006. A method for dating early books and prints using image analysis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A: Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences 462:3555-3573. E-print Appendix
  93. Hedges, S. B. 2006.Singularities: landmarks on the pathways of life. Quart. Rev. Biol. 81:164. (book review). E-print
  94. van Rheede, T., T. Bastiaans, D. N. Boone, S. B. Hedges, W. W. de Jong, and O. Madsen. 2006. The platypus is in its place: nuclear genes and indels confirm the sister group relation of monotremes and therians. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:587-597. E-print
  95. Fry, B.G., N. Vidal, J. A. Norman, F. J. Vonk, H. Scheib, R. Ramjan, S. Kuruppu, K. Fung, S. B. Hedges, M. K. Richardson, W. C. Hodgson, V. Ignjatovic, R. Summerhayes, and E. Kochva. 2006. Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes. Nature 439:584-588(online 17 November 2005). E-print
    1. 2005
  96. Kumar, S. and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Pushing back the expansion of introns in animal genomes. Cell 123:1182-1184. E-print
  97. Kumar, S., A. Filipski, V. Swarna, A. Walker & S. B. Hedges. 2005. Placing confidence limits on the molecular age of the human-chimpanzee divergence. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:18842-18847. E-print suppl info
  98. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. The phylogeny of squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) inferred from nine nuclear protein-coding genes. C. R. Biologies 328:1000-1008. E-print
  99. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of deuterostome animals. Mol. Bio. Evol. 22:2275-2284. E-print
  100. Vidal, N., R. W. Henderson, A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. A phylogenetic study of the emerald treeboa (Corallus caninus). J. Herpetology 39:500-503. E-print
  101. Duellman, W. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Eleutherodactyline frogs from the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Copeia 2005:526-538. E-print
  102. Smith, M. L., S. B. Hedges, W. Buck, A. Hemphill, S. Inchaustegui, M. Ivie, D. Martina, M. Maunder, and J. F. Ortega. 2005. Caribbean Islands. Pp 112-118 in R. A. Mittermeier, P. R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C. G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux, and G. A. B. da Fonseca (eds.), Hotspots revisited: Earth's biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX. E-print
  103. M. Schmid, I. Nanda, H. Hoehn, M. Schartl, T. Haaf, J.-M. Buerstedde, H. Arakawa, R. B. Caldwell, S. Weigend, D. W. Burt, J. Smith, D. K. Griffin, J. S. Masabanda, M. A. M. Groenen, R. P. M. A. Crooijmans, A. Vignal, V. Fillon, M. Morisson, F. Pitel, M. Vignoles, A. Garrigues, J. Gellin, A. V. Rodionov, S. A. Galkina, N. A. Lukina, G. Ben-Ari, S. Blum, J. Hillel, T. Twito, U. Lavi, L. David, M. W. Feldman, M. E. Delany, C.A. Conley, V. M. Fowler, S. B. Hedges, R. Godbout, S. Katyal, C. Smith, Q. Hudson, A. Sinclair and S. Mizunou. 2005. Second report on chicken genes and chromosomes 2005. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 109: 415-479. E-print
  104. Blair, J. E., P. Shah, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Evolutionary sequence analysis of complete eukaryote genomes. BMC Bioinformatics 4(53):1-10. E-print
  105. Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos. 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. J. Biogeogr. 32:1-10. E-print
  106. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular clocks do not support the Cambrian explosion. Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:387-390. E-print
    1. 2004
  107. Young, B. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Haiti: a megadiverse Caribbean country. P. 20 in B. E. Young, S. N. Stuart, J. S. Chanson, N. A. Cox, and T. M. Boucher, Disappearing Jewels: the Status of New World Amphibians. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia.
  108. Rabosky, D. L., K. P. Aplin, S. C. Donnellan, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of blindsnakes (Ramphotyphlops) from Western Australia and resurrection of Ramphotyphlops bicolor (Peters, 1857). Australian J. Zool. 52:531-548. E-print
  109. Battistuzzi, F. U., A. Feijão, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. A genomic timescale of prokaryote evolution: insights into the origin of methanogenesis, phototrophy, and the colonization of land. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:44 (14 pages). E-print
  110. Hedges, S. B. and S. Kumar. 2004. Precision of molecular time estimates. Trends in Genetics 20:242-247. E-print
  111. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular evidence for a terrestrial origin of snakes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 271:S226-S229. E-print
  112. Hedges, S. B., J. E. Blair, M. L. Venturi, and J. L. Shoe. 2004. A molecular timescale of eukaryote evolution and the rise of complex multicellular life. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:2 (9 pages). E-print
  113. Pisani, D., L. L. Poling, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The colonization of land by animals: molecular phylogeny and divergence times among arthropods. BMC Biology 2:1 (10 pages). E-print
  114. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The effect of external and internal fossil calibrations on the avian evolutionary timescale. Journal of Paleontology 78:45-50. E-print
    1. 2003
  115. Hower, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2003. Molecular Phylogeny and Biogeography of West Indian Teiid Lizards of the Genus Ameiva. Caribb. J. Sci. 39:298-306. E-print
  116. Hedges, S. B. 2003. Molecular clocks and a biological trigger for the Neoproterozoic snowball Earths and Cambrian explosion. Pp 27-40 in P. Donoghue and P. Smith, Eds., Telling evolutionary time: molecular clocks and the fossil record. CRC Press, London. E-print
  117. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The coelacanth of frogs. Nature 425:669-670. E-print
  118. Des Marais, D. J., L. J. Allamandola, S. A. Benner, A. P. Boss, J. R. Cronin, D. Deamer, P. G. Falkowski, J. D. Farmer, S. B. Hedges, B. M. Jakosky, A. H. Knoll, D. R. Liskowsky, V. J. Meadows, M. A. Meyer, C. B. Pilcher, K. H. Nealson, A. M. Spormann, J. D. Trent, W. W. Turner, N. J. Woolf, and H. W. Yorke. 2003. The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap. Astrobiology 3:219-235. E-print
  119. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The frog detectives of Pico Turquino. Pp. 51-57 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (eds.), Islands and the Sea: Essays on the Herpetological Exploration in the West Indies. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York).
  120. Diaz, L. M., A. Cadiz, and S. B. Hedges. 2003. A new grass frog from pine forests of western Cuba, and description of acoustic and pattern variation in Eleutherodactylus varleyi (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 39:176-188. E-print
  121. Hedges, S. B. and P. Shah. 2003. Comparison of mode estimation methods and application in molecular clock analysis. BMC Bioinformatics 4:31. E-print
  122. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2003. Genomic clocks and evolutionary timescales. Trends in Genetics 19:200-206. E-print
    1. 2002
  123. Werner, T., S. Weissman, S. B. Hedges, and K. Gardiner. 2002. Report on the twelfth international workshop on the identification of transcribed sequences: functional, expression, and evolutionary analysis. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 98:109-117.
  124. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Early life (book review). Quart. Rev. Biol. 77:445. E-print
  125. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae). Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Zool. Ser. 68:83-90. E-print
  126. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of caenophidian snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:987-995. E-print
  127. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:977-985. E-print
  128. Hedges, S. B. 2002. The origin and evolution of model organisms. Nature Reviews Genetics 3:838-849. E-print
  129. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2002. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 297:1283-1285. E-print
  130. Highton, R., S. B. Hedges, C. A. Hass, and H. G. Dowling. 2002. Snake relationships revealed by slowly-evolving proteins: further analysis and a reply. Herpetologica 58: 270-275. E-print
  131. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 2002. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from Eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 36:157-161. E-print
  132. Blair, J. E., K. Ikeo, T. Gojobori, and S. B. Hedges. 2002. The evolutionary position of nematodes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2:7 (7 pages). E-print
    1. 2001
  133. Stauffer, R. L., A. Walker, O. Ryder, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Human and ape molecular clocks and constraints on paleontological hypotheses. J. Heredity 92:469-474. E-print
  134. Hedges, S. B., O. H. Garrido, and L. M. Diaz. 2001. A new banded snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from North-Central Cuba. J. Herpetology 35:615-617. E-print
  135. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 2001. At the lower size limit in amniotes: a new diminutive lizard from the West Indies. Caribbean J. Sci. 37:168-173. E-print
  136. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new anole from the northern slopes of the Sierra Maestra in eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 35: 378-383. E-print
  137. Hedges, S. B., H. Chen, S. Kumar, D. Y.-C. Wang, A. S. Thompson, and H. Watanabe. 2001. A genomic timescale for the origin of eukaryotes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 1:4 (10 pages). E-print
  138. Pramuk, J. B., C. A. Hass, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian toads (Anura: Bufonidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 20:294-301. E-print
  139. Heckman, D. S., D. M. Geiser, B. R. Eidell, R. L. Stauffer, N. L. Kardos, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early colonization of land by fungi and plants. Science293:1129-1133. E-print
  140. van Tuinen, M., D. B. Butvill, J. A. W. Kirsch, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Convergence and divergence in the evolution of aquatic birds. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B268: 1345-1350. E-print
  141. Hass, C. A., L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Relationships and divergence times of West Indian amphibians and reptiles: insights from albumin immunology. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  142. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Caribbean biogeography: an overview. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  143. Diaz, L. M., A. E. Estrada, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new riparial frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Eastern Cuba. Caribbean J. Sci. 37: 63-71. E-print
  144. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early history of living vertebrates. Pp. 119-134 in P. E. Ahlberg (Ed.) Major events in early vertebrate evolution: palaeontology, phylogeny, genetics and development. Taylor and Francis, London. E-print
  145. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Calibration of avian molecular clocks. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18:206-213. E-print
  146. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Afrotheria: plate tectonics meets genomics. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 98:1-2. E-print
    1. 2000
  147. Tracy, M. R. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Evolutionary history of the enolase gene family. Gene 259:129-138. E-print
  148. Hedges, S. B. 2000. A start for population genomics. Nature 408:652-653. E-print
  149. Garrido, O. H. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Elevation of Anolis vanidicus rejectus Garrido and Schwartz (Sauria: Iguanidae) to species status and designation of Anolis mimus Schwartz and Thomas as a synonym. Caribb. J. Sci. 36:20-21. E-print
  150. Vidal, N., S. G. Kindl, A. Wong, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of xenodontine snakes inferred from 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 14:389-402. E-print
  151. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. The early history of modern birds inferred from DNA sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:451-457. E-print
  152. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1999. Molecular paleontology. Pp. 752-754 in R. Singer (ed.) Encyclopedia of Paleontology. Fitzroy-Dearborn Publishers, Chicago. E-print
  153. Hedges, S. B. 1999. The Amber Forest. Nature 402:459. (Book review). E-print
  154. O'Brien, S. J., J. F. Eisenberg, M. Miyamoto, S. B. Hedges, S. Kumar, and D. E. Wilson. 1999. Comparative genomics: mammalian radiations. Genome Maps 10 (phylogenetic tree). Science 286:463-478. E-print
  155. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 1999. Divergence times of eutherian mammals. Science 285:2031. E-print
  156. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1999. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 33:436-441. E-print
  157. Hedges, S. B. 1999. Distribution patterns of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 211-254 In, Duellman, W. E., Regional Patterns of Amphibian Distribution: A Global Perspective. Johns Hopkins University Press. E-print
  158. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and L. M. Diaz. 1999. A new snake (Tropidophis) from western Cuba. Copeia 1999:376-381. E-print
  159. Hedges, S. B., and L. L. Poling. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of reptiles. Science 283:998-1001. E-print
  160. Wang, D. Y.-C., S. Kumar, and S. B. Hedges. 1999. Divergence time estimates for the early history of animal phyla and the origin of plants, animals, and fungi. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 266:163-171. E-print
  161. Johnson, K., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Three new species of Calisto from southwestern Haiti (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 9:45-53. E-print
  162. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 667:1-2. E-print
  163. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Sistematica de las ranas riberenas de Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Carib. J. Sci. 34:218-230. E-print
  164. Hedges, S. Blair. 1998. Nature Debates: Molecules and the fossil record. Nature (www), November 1998. (Invited Essay). E-print
  165. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new gecko from the Sierra de Neiba of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 54:333-336. E-print
  166. Stanhope, M. J., V. G. Waddell, O. Madsen, W. de Jong, S. B. Hedges, G. Cleven, D. Kao, and M. S. Springer. 1998. Molecular evidence for multiple origins of Insectivora and for a new order of endemic African insectivore mammals. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95:9967-9972. E-print
  167. Feller, A. E. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Molecular evidence for the early history of living amphibians. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 9:509-516. E-print
  168. Schubart, C., R. Diesel, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Rapid evolution to terrestrial life in Jamaican crabs. Nature 393:363-365. E-print
  169. Kumar, S., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution. Nature 392:917-920. E-print
  170. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Phylogeny and biogeography of ratite birds inferred from DNA sequences of the mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15:370-376. E-print
  171. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new amphisbaenian from Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:92-96. E-print
  172. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1998. A new gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Maestra of Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:66-69. E-print
  173. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus parapelates. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 649:1-2. E-print
  174. Cunningham, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept 648:1-2. E-print
  175. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus amadeus. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 647:1-2. E-print
  176. Hedges, S. B. 1998. Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics. Amer. Zool. 37:262-263. (Book review). E-print
  177. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new anguid lizard from Cuba. Copeia 1998:97-103. E-print
  178. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1997. Complementary uses of molecules and morphology. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 8:445. E-print
  179. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Meseta de Cabo Cruz, eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 33:227-232. E-print
  180. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) del Macizo de Sagua-Baracoa, región oriental de Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 33:222-226. E-print
  181. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new species of frog from the Sierra Maestra, eastern Cuba (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). J. Herpetol. 31:364-368. E-print
  182. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Quart. Rev. Biol. 72:213. (Book review). E-print
  183. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Molecular zoology. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25:187. (Book review). E-print
  184. Hedges, S. B. 1996. More on Caribbean zoogeography. Herpetologica 52:622-624. E-print
  185. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Historical biogeography of West Indian vertebrates. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:163-196. E-print
  186. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. At the lower size limit in tetrapods: a new diminutive frog from Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1996:852-859. E-print
  187. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1996. Molecules and morphology in amniote phylogeny. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 6:312-314. E-print
  188. Dowling, H. G., C. A. Hass, S. B. Hedges, and R. Highton. 1996. Snake relationships revealed by slow-evolving proteins: a preliminary survey. J. Zool. (London) 240:1-28. E-print
  189. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Vicariance and dispersal in Caribbean biogeography. Herpetologica 52:466-473. E-print
  190. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 52:435-439. E-print
  191. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The Hispaniolan frog Eleutherodactylus neodreptus Schwartz (Anura: Leptodactylidae) is a synonym of E. audanti Cochran. Caribb. J. Sci. 32:248. E-print
  192. Hedges, S. B., P. H. Parker, C. G. Sibley, and S. Kumar. 1996. Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals. Nature 381:226-229. E-print
  193. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The origin of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp 95-128 in R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.). Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A tribute to Albert Schwartz. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, NY. E-print
  194. Hedges, S. B., L. Gonzalez, and A. R. Estrada. 1995. Rediscovery of the Cuban frogs Eleutherodactylus cubanus and E. turquinensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 31:327-332. E-print
  195. Hedges, S. B., Simmons, M. D., VanDikj, M. A., Caspers, G., DeJong, W. W., and C. G. Sibley. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of the Hoatzin, an enigmatic South American bird. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA)92:11662-11665. E-print
  196. Highton, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Geographic protein variation in Pseudacris brimleyi (Anura: Hylidae) analysis by sequential electrophoresis. J. Herpetol. 29:351-357. E-print
  197. Hay, J. M., I. Ruvinsky, S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of amphibian families inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:928-937. E-print
  198. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from eastern Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 31:65-72. E-print
  199. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1995. Detecting dinosaur DNA. Science 268:1191-1192. E-print
  200. Henderson, R. W., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Origin of West Indian populations of the geographically widespread boa Corallus enydris inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 4:88-92. E-print
  201. Heise, P. J., H. G. Dowling, L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Higher-level snake phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of 12SrRNA and 16SrRNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:259-265. E-print
  202. Bogart, J. P., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Rapid chromosome evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae). J. Zool. (London) 235:9-31. E-print
  203. Frye, M. S., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Monophyly of the order Rodentia inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the genes for 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, and tRNA-valine. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:168-176. E-print
  204. Hedges, S. B., and K. Johnson. 1994. Calisto tasajera in the Hispaniolan Cordillera Central (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepidop. 5:93-94. E-print
  205. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1994. Towards a biogeography of the Caribbean. Cladistics10:43-55. E-print
  206. Hedges, S. B., and C. G. Sibley. 1994. Molecules vs. morphology in avian evolution: the case of the "pelecaniform" birds. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 91:9861-9865. E-print
  207. Hedges, S. B., and R. L. Bezy. 1994. Xantusiid lizards and phylogenetic inference. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 3:275-278. E-print
  208. Hedges, S. B. 1994. Molecular evidence for the origin of birds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 91:2621-2624. E-print
  209. Ruth, B. C., W. A. Dunson, C. L. Rowe, and S. B. Hedges. 1993. Molecular and functional evaluation of the egg mass color polymorphism of the spotted salamander, Ambystoma maculatum. J. Herpetology 27:307-314. E-print
  210. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1993. A new species of gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 27:300-306. E-print
  211. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1993. A new banded Sphaerodactylus from eastern Hispaniola (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 49:350-354. E-print
  212. Hedges, S. B., and C. A. Woods. 1993. Caribbean hot spot. Nature 364:375. E-print
  213. Hedges, S. B., R. A. Nussbaum, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Caecilian phylogeny and biogeography inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Herpetol. Monogr. 7:64-76. E-print
  214. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1993. A molecular perspective on Lissamphibian phylogeny. Herpetol. Monogr. 7:27-42. E-print
  215. Hedges, S. B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2:290-303. E-print
  216. Hedges, S. B. and R. L. Bezy. 1993. Phylogeny of xantusiid lizards: concern for data and analysis. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 2:76-87. E-print
  217. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Relations of fish and tetrapods. Nature 363:501-502. E-print
  218. Hass, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Molecular insights into the relationships and biogeography of West Indian anoline lizards. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21:97-114. E-print
  219. Hedges, S. B. and A. Schluter. 1992. Eleutherodactylus eurydactylus, a new species of frog from central Amazonian Perú (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Copeia 1992:1002-1006. E-print
  220. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. An unusual new Sphaerodactylus from Hispaniola (Squamata, Gekkonidae). J. Herpetology 26:289-292. E-print
  221. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus from eastern Cuba (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 48:358-367. E-print
  222. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. Two new species of Eleutherodactylus from remnant cloud forest in Haiti (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 48:351-358. E-print
  223. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Copeia1992:820-825. E-print
  224. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Three new grass anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) from Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 28:21-29. E-print
  225. Hedges, S. B. 1992. A reconsideration of two montane species of Eleutherodactylus in Hispaniola (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 28:11-16. E-print
  226. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and R. Thomas. 1992. Three new species of Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba, with notes on vocalizations of other species (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetol. Monogr. 6:68-83. E-print
  227. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Cuban snakes of the genus Arrhyton: Two new species and a reconsideration of A. redimitum Cope. Herpetologica 48:168-177. E-print
  228. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. A new marsh-dwelling species of Eleutherodactylus from Haiti (Anura:Leptodactylidae). J. Herpetology 26:191-195. E-print
  229. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Karyotype of the Cuban lizard Cricosaura typica and its implications for xantusiid phylogeny. Copeia 1992(2):563-565. E-print
  230. Hedges, S. B., J. P. Bogart, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Ancestry of unisexual salamanders (genus Ambystoma). Nature 356:708-710. E-print
  231. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: Molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 89:1909-1913. E-print
  232. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1992. 18S rRNA sequences and amniote phylogeny: reply to Marshall. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):374-377. E-print
  233. Hedges, S. B. 1992. The number of replications needed for accurate estimation of the bootstrap p-value in phylogenetic studies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):366-369. E-print
  234. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, K. Tamura, and M. Stoneking. 1992. Human origins and analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Science 255:737-739. E-print
  235. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. The importance of systematic research in the conservation of amphibian and reptile populations. Pp. 56-61 in Moreno, J. A. (ed.), Status y distribución de los reptiles y anfibios de la región de Puerto Rico. Departamento de Recursos Naturales de Puerto Rico, Publicación Científica Miscelánea No. 1. E-print
  236. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) de la región oriental de Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:139-145. E-print
  237. Schwartz, A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. An elevational transect of Lepidoptera on Pico Turquino, Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:130-138. E-print
  238. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Albumin evolution in West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae): Caribbean biogeography and a calibration of the albumin immunological clock. J. Zool. (London) 225:413-426. E-print
  239. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47:448-459. E-print
  240. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Pancreatic polypeptide and the sister group of birds. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:888-891. E-print
  241. Hedges, S. B., R. L. Bezy, and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of xantusiid lizards inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:767-780. E-print
  242. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Rediscovery and description of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis darlingtoni (Sauria, Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 27:90-93. E-print
  243. Hedges, S. B. 1991. Electrophoretic and morphological variation in Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) of Hispaniola. J. Herpetology 25:10-17. E-print
  244. Hedges, S. B., K. D. Moberg, and L. R. Maxson. 1990. Tetrapod phylogeny inferred from 18S and 28S ribosomal RNA sequences and a review of the evidence for amniote relationships. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:607-633. E-print
  245. Hedges, S. B., and K. L. Burnell. 1990. The Jamaican radiation of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an analysis of relationships and biogeography using sequential electrophoresis. Carib. J. Sci. 26:31-44. E-print
  246. Burnell, K. L., and S. B. Hedges. 1990. Relationships of West Indian Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an approach using slow-evolving protein loci. Carib. J. Sci. 26:7-30. E-print
  247. Hedges, S. B. 1990. Species concepts and speciation. (Review of Speciation and its Consequences; Otte, D., and J. A. Endler, eds.). Syst. Zool. 39:95-96. E-print
  248. Hedges, S. B. 1990. A new species of Phrynopus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) from Peru. Copeia 1990:108-112. E-print
  249. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Evolution and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus: slow-evolving loci and the major groups. Pp 305-370 in Woods, C. (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida. E-print
  250. Hedges, S. B. 1989. An island radiation: allozyme evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 25:123-147. E-print
  251. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1989. A new Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae) from the Chaine de la Selle of Haiti. Copeia 1989:882-887. E-print
  252. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and T. K. Maugel. 1989. Physiological color change in snakes. J. Herpetology 23:450-455. E-print
  253. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Geographic protein variation in the Jamaican blind snake, Typhlops jamaicensis (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 25:93-96. E-print
  254. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from the Sierra de Neiba, Hispaniola. Herpetologica 45:330-336. E-print
  255. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. Supplement to West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 77:1-11. E-print
  256. Hedges. S. B. 1988. A new diminutive frog from Hispaniola (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1988(3):636-641. E-print
  257. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the southern Dominican Republic. Herpetologica 44(1):96-104. E-print
  258. Hedges, S. B. 1987. Vocalization and habitat preference of the Jamaican treefrog, Hyla marianae (Anura, Hylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 23:380-384. E-print
  259. Hedges, S. B., R. Thomas, and R. Franz. 1987. A new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae) from the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Copeia 1987:943-949. E-print
  260. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1987. A new burrowing frog from Hispaniola with comments on the inoptatus group of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 43:269-279. E-print
  261. Hedges, S. B. 1986. An electrophoretic analysis of Holarctic hylid frog evolution. Syst. Zool. 35(1):1­21. E-print
  262. Hedges, S. B. 1985. The influence of size and phylogeny on life history variation in reptiles: a response to Stearns. Amer. Nat. 126(2):258-260. E-print
  263. Busack, S. D., and S. B. Hedges. 1984. Is the peninsular effect a red herring? Amer. Nat. 123(2):266-275. E-print
  264. Hedges, S. B. 1982. Caribbean biogeography: implications of recent plate tectonic studies. Syst. Zool. 31(4):518-522. E-print
  265. Mitchell, J. C., and S. B. Hedges. 1980. Ambystoma mabeei (Caudata: Ambystomatidae): an addition to the salamander fauna of Virginia. Brimleyana 3:119-121. E-print
  266. Zug, G. R., S. B. Hedges, and S. Sunkel. 1979. Variation in reproductive parameters of three neotropical snakes, Coniophanes fissidens, Dipsas catesbyi, and Imantodes cenchoa. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 300:1-20. E-print
  267. Hedges, S. B. 1977. The presence of the scarlet kingsnake, Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides Holbrook (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), in the Florida Keys. Herpetol. Rev. 8(4):125-126. E-print

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