105 million years ago 44 million years ago
Publications
Publications

ublications.



Complete List of Publications

  1. Books and monographs
  1. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  2. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. (#241 in complete list). Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  3. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. (#235 in complete list) Request PDF from author
  4. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. (#227 in complete list) Purchase this book
  5. Hedges SB, Kumar S (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. (#208 in complete list) Order (entire book free online at www.timetree.org)
  6. Hedges SB, Duellman WE, Heinicke MP. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. (#196 in complete list) Request PDF from author
    1. All publications
    1. 2015
  7. Schmid M et al. (104 authors) 2015. Third report on chicken genes and chromosomes. Cytogenet Genome Res. 145:78-179 (Request from author)
  8. Heinicke MP, Barrio-Amorós CL, and SB Hedges. 16 Jul 2015. Molecular and morphological data support recognition of a new genus of New World direct-developing frog (Anura: Terrarana) from an under-sampled region of South America​. Zootaxa 3986 (2): 151–172. (Request from author)
  9. Dίaz, LM, and SB Hedges. 2015. Another new cryptic frog related to Eleutherodactylus varleyi Dunn (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae), from eastern Cuba​. Solenodon 12:124-135. E-print
  10. Hedges, S. B., J. Marin, M. Suleski, M. Paymer & S. Kumar. 2015. Tree of Life Reveals Clock-Like Speciation and Diversification. Mol. Biol. Evol. 32(4):835–845 E-print, Supplement 1, Supplement 2
    1. 2014
  11. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Mijares-Urrutia A, Schargel WE, Hedges SB. 21 Oct 2014. Cytogenetic studies on Gonatodes (Reptilia, Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae).Cytogenet Genome Res. 144(1):47-61. E-Print
  12. Hedges SB. 2014. The high-level classification of skinks (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincomorpha).Zootaxa 3765: 317-338. (Request from author)
  13. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  14. Hedges SB. 2014. The origin of life. In Oxford Bibliographies in Evolutionary Biology Ed. Jonathan Losos. New York: Oxford University Press. Oxford Bibliographies website. (Request from author)
    1. 2013
  15. Wegener, JE, Swoboda S, Hawlitschek O, Franzen M, Wallach V, Vences M, Nagy Z, Hedges SB, Kohler J, Glaw F. 2013. Morphological variation and taxonomic assessment of the endemic Malagasy blind snake family Xenotyphlopidae. Spixiana 36: 269-282. E-print
  16. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A review of the Cnemidophorus lemniscatus group in Central America (Squamata: Teiidae), with comments on other species in the group.Zootaxa 3722: 301-316. Request from author
  17. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Puillandre N, Aplin KP, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Couloux A, Vidal N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 427-441. E-print
  18. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A new species of Phyllodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Phyllodactylidae) from Isla de Guanaja in the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 051-058. Request from author
  19. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. Two additional new species of Sphaerodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae) from the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 040-050. Request from author
  20. Teeling EC, Hedges SB. 2013. Making the impossible possible: rooting the tree of placental mammals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30: 1999-2000. Advance Access E-print
  21. Hedges SB. 2013. Revision shock in taxonomy. Zootaxa 3681: 297-298. Request from author
  22. Reynolds RG, Niemiller ML, Hedges SB, Dornburg A, Puente-Rolon AR, Revell LJ. 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68: 461-470. E-print
  23. Hedges SB. 2013. Caribmap: a mobile-friendly web resource for Caribbean maps that facilitates quantitative historical analysis. Journal of Map and Geography Libraries 9(3): 350-360. Request from author
  24. Barrio-Amoros CL, Heinicke MP, Hedges SB. 2013. A new tuberculated Pristimantis (Anura, Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from the Venezuelan Andes, redescription of Pristimantis pleurostriatus, and variation within Pristimantis vanadisae. Zootaxa 3647: 43-62. Request from author
  25. Colston TJ, Grazziotin FG, Shepard DB, Vitt LJ, Colli GR, Henderson RW, Hedges SB, Bonatto S, Zaher H, Noonan BP, Burbrink FT. 2013. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of tree boas (Corallus spp.).Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 66: 953-959. E-print
  26. Kingdon JA, Seiffert ER, Hedges SB, Rathbun G. 2013. Supercohort Afrotheria. Pp. 143-146 in Kingdon JA, Happold D, Butynski T, Hoffmann M, Happold M, Kalina J (Eds.), Mammals of Africa, Volume 1: Introductory chapters and Afrotheria. Bloomsbury Publishing, London. Published 28 February 2013. E-print Purchase book
  27. Hedges SB. 2013. Wormholes record species history in space and time. Biology Letters 9 (1), 20120926. Request from author
  28. Böhm M, et al. 2013. The conservation status of the world's reptiles.Biological Conservation 157: 372-385. Published online 22 December 2012, in print January 2013. E-print
    1. 2012
  29. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  30. Barrio-Amoros CL, Guayasamin JM, Hedges SB. 2012. A new minute Andean Pristimantis (Anura: Strabomantidae) from Venezuela. Phyllomedusa 11: 83-93. E-print
  31. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Cruaud C, Vidal N. 2013. Tracing the history and biogeography of the Australian blindsnake radiation. J. Biogeogr. 40: 928-937, published online 23 November 2012. Request from author
  32. McCranie JR, Hedges, SB. 2012. Two new species of geckos from Honduras and resurrection of Sphaerodactylus continentalis Werner from the synonymy of Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus Hallowell (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae). Zootaxa 3492: 65-76. Request from author
  33. Hedges, SB. 2012. Amniote phylogeny and the position of turtles. BMC Biology 10 (64):1-2. E-print
  34. Vidal N, Marin J, Sassi J, Battistuzzi FU, Donnellan S, Fitch AJ, Fry BG, Vonk FJ, Rodriguez RC, Couloux A, Hedges SB. 2012. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin of monitor lizards followed by Tertiary dispersals to Africa and Australasia.Biology Letters doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0460. E-print
  35. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. Request from author
  36. Díaz, LM, SB Hedges, M Schmid. 2012. A new cryptic species of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Cuba. Zootaxa 3220: 44-60. Request from author
    1.   
    2. 2011
  37. Hedges, SB. 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63-64. E-print
  38. Kumar S, Hedges, SB. 2011. TimeTree2: species divergence times on the iPhone. Bioinformatics doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/brt315, p. 1-2. E-print
  39. Hedges, SB. 2011. On the use of high-level taxonomic names. Zootaxa 2867:67-68. E-print
  40. Hedges, SB and LM Díaz. 2011. The conservation status of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 31–47 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. E-print
  41. Hedges, SB. 2011. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp. 19–30 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. (reprinted from Applied Herpetology 3:281-292 (2006). E-print
  42. Heinicke MP, Diaz LM, Hedges SB. 2011. Origin of invasive Florida frogs traced to Cuba. Biology Letters, published 26 January 2011, doi 10.1098/rsbl.2010.1131. E-print
    1. 2010
  43. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, and Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. Purchase this book
  44. Hoffman, M. et al. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the World's vertebrates. Science 330: 1503-1509. E-print
  45. Hedges, S.B. 2010. Molecular clocks, flotsam, and Caribbean islands. Pp. 353–354 in Cox, C. B. & P. D. Moore, Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary Approach. 8th Edition (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey). E-print
  46. Battistuzzi FU, Filipski A, Hedges SB, & Kumar S. 2010. Performance of relaxed clock methods in estimating evolutionary divergence times and their credibility intervals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27: 1289-1300. E-print
  47. Vidal, N, Marin J, Morini M, Donnellan S, Branch WR, Thomas R, Vences M, Wynn A, Cruaud C, & Hedges SB. 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6:558-561. E-print Supp
    1. 2009
  48. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Terrestrial-breeding frogs (Strabomantidae) in Peru. Phyllomedusa 8:147–148. E-print
  49. Adalsteinsson, S.A., Branch, W.R., Trape, S., Vitt, L.J., & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50. Request from author
  50. Heinicke, M.P., Duellman, W. E., Trueb, L., Means, D. B., MacCulloch, R. D., Hedges, S. B. 2009. A new frog family (Anura: Terrarana) from South America and an expanded direct-developing clade revealed by molecular phylogeny. Zootaxa 2211: 1-35. Request from author
  51. Vidal, N., Rage, J.-C., Couloux, A., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Snakes (Serpentes). Pp. 390-397 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print Supplementary Information
  52. Hedges, S. B., Vidal, N. 2009. Lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians (Squamata). Pp. 383-389 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  53. Heinicke, M. P., Sander, J. M., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Lungfishes (Dipnoi). Pp. 348-350 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  54. Heinicke, M. P., Naylor, J. P., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes). Pp. 320-327 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  55. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Vertebrates (Vertebrata). Pp. 309-314 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  56. Bhattacharya, D., Yoon, H.-S., Hedges, S. B., Hackett, J. D. 2009. Eukaryotes (Eukaryota). Pp. 116-120 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  57. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Eubacteria. Pp. 106-115 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  58. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Archaebacteria. Pp. 101-105 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  59. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Life. Pp. 89-98 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  60. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Discovering the timetree of life. Pp. 3-18 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  61. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Preface. Pp. xi-xiii in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  62. Hedges, S. B and S. Kumar (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. Order The Timetree of Life Book Cover
  63. Hedges, S. B., A. Couloux, and N. Vidal. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28. E-print
  64. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians. CR Biologies 332:129-139. E-print
  65. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. First record of the genus Aristelliger (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in Cuba, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 2028:31-40. Request from author
  66. Battistuzzi, F.U., and S.B. Hedges.2009. A major clade of prokaryotes with ancient adaptations to life on land. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26:335–344. E-print Supplementary data
    1. 2008
  67. Vidal, N., W.R. Branch, O.S.G. Pauwels, S.B. Hedges, D.G. Broadley, M. Wink, C. Cruaud, U. Joger & Z.T. Nagy. 2008. Dissecting the major African snake radiation: a molecular phylogeny of the Lamprophiidae Fitzinger (Serpentes, Caenophidia). Zootaxa 1945:51–66. Request from author
  68. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Threatened amphibians of the West Indies. Pp. 104–105 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E.(Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  69. Bolaños,F., Castro,F., Cortez,C., De la Riva,I., Grant,T., Hedges,S. B., Heyer,W. R., Ibáñez,R., La Marca,E., Lavilla,E., Silvano,D.L., Lötters,S., Parra Olea,G., Reichle,S., Reynolds,R., Rodríguez,L., Santos Barrera,G., Scott,N. J., Ubeda,C., Veloso,A., Wilkinson,M. and Young, B. 2008. Amphibians of the Neotropical Realm. Pp. 92–99 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E. (Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  70. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Dating old maps with the print clock. The Portolan 72: 25-33. E-print
  71. Hedges, S. B. 2008. At the lower limit of size in snakes: two new species of threadsnakes (Squamata: Leptotyphlopidae: Leptotyphlops) from the Lesser Antilles. Zootaxa 1841:1–30. E-print
  72. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. A replacement name for Isodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008. Zootaxa 1795:67-68. Request from author
  73. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. A new gecko of the genus Tarentola (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from eastern Cuba. Zootaxa 1743:43–52. Request from author
  74. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. Request from author
  75. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Image analysis of Renaissance copperplate prints. Proc. SPIE 6810: 681009. 20 pages. E-print
  76. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Two new minute species of Phrynopus (Lissamphibia: Anura) from the Cordillera Oriental in Peru. Zootaxa 1675:59–66. Request from author
  77. Vidal, N., A. Azvolinsky, C. Cruaud, and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters 4:115-118. Published online 11 December 2007 and in print 7 January 2008. E-print
    1. 2007
  78. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Three new species of Pristimantis (Lissamphibia: Anura) from Montane Forests of the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Phyllomedusa 6:119–135. E-print
  79. Lehr, E., J. B. Pramuk, S. B. Hedges, and J. H. Córdova. 2007. A new species of arboreal Rhinella (Anura: Bufonidae) from Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park in central Peru. Zootaxa 1662:1–14. Request from author
  80. Hedges, S. B. 2007. The amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola and their conservation. Pp. 18–25 in Fernandez, E. M. (Ed.), Hispaniola: a photographic journey through island biodiversity. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. E-print
  81. Heinicke, M. P., W. E. Duellman, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 104:10092-10097. E-print SI text and tables
  82. Vidal, N., A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The higher-level relationships of alethinophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Pp. 27-33 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (Eds.), Biology of the boas and pythons. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah. E-print
  83. Weiss, A. J., and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Antillean geckos Phyllodactylus wirshingi, Tarentola americana, and Hemidactylus haitianus (Reptilia, Squamata). Mol. Phylo. Evol. 45:409-416. E-print
  84. Hedges, S. B., and M. P. Heinicke. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Leptodactylus. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 44:308-314. E-print
  85. Vidal, N., A. S. Delmas, P. David, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The phylogeny and classification of caenophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear protein-coding genes. CR Biologies 330:182-187. E-print
  86. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa 1400:1-26. Request from author
    1. 2006
  87. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2006. Two new species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. Caribb. J. Sci. 42:208-219. E-print (published in early 2007).
  88. Hedges, S. B., F. U. Battistuzzi, and J. E. Blair. 2006. Molecular timescale of evolution in the Proterozoic. Pp. 199-229 in S. Xiao and A. J. Kaufman (Eds.), Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology, Springer, New York. E-print
  89. Hedges, S. Blair. 2006. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Applied Herpetology 3:281-292. E-print
  90. Hedges, S. B., J. Dudley, and S. Kumar. 2006. TimeTree: a public knowledge-base of divergence times among organisms. Bioinformatics 22:2971-2972. E-print
  91. Dominguez, M., L. V. Moreno, and S. B. Hedges. 2006. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from the Guanahacabibes Peninsula of western Cuba. Amphibia-Reptilia 27:427-432. E-print
  92. Hedges, S. B. 2006. Paleogeography of the Antilles and the origin of West Indian Terrestrial Vertebrates. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93:231-244. E-print
  93. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, and M. van Tuinen. 2006. Constraining fossil calibrations for molecular clocks. Bioessays 28:770-771. E-print
  94. Hedges, S. B. 2006. A method for dating early books and prints using image analysis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A: Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences 462:3555-3573. E-print Appendix
  95. Hedges, S. B. 2006.Singularities: landmarks on the pathways of life. Quart. Rev. Biol. 81:164. (book review). E-print
  96. van Rheede, T., T. Bastiaans, D. N. Boone, S. B. Hedges, W. W. de Jong, and O. Madsen. 2006. The platypus is in its place: nuclear genes and indels confirm the sister group relation of monotremes and therians. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:587-597. E-print
  97. Fry, B.G., N. Vidal, J. A. Norman, F. J. Vonk, H. Scheib, R. Ramjan, S. Kuruppu, K. Fung, S. B. Hedges, M. K. Richardson, W. C. Hodgson, V. Ignjatovic, R. Summerhayes, and E. Kochva. 2006. Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes. Nature 439:584-588(online 17 November 2005). E-print
    1. 2005
  98. Kumar, S. and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Pushing back the expansion of introns in animal genomes. Cell 123:1182-1184. E-print
  99. Kumar, S., A. Filipski, V. Swarna, A. Walker & S. B. Hedges. 2005. Placing confidence limits on the molecular age of the human-chimpanzee divergence. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:18842-18847. E-print suppl info
  100. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. The phylogeny of squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) inferred from nine nuclear protein-coding genes. C. R. Biologies 328:1000-1008. E-print
  101. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of deuterostome animals. Mol. Bio. Evol. 22:2275-2284. E-print
  102. Vidal, N., R. W. Henderson, A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. A phylogenetic study of the emerald treeboa (Corallus caninus). J. Herpetology 39:500-503. E-print
  103. Duellman, W. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Eleutherodactyline frogs from the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Copeia 2005:526-538. E-print
  104. Smith, M. L., S. B. Hedges, W. Buck, A. Hemphill, S. Inchaustegui, M. Ivie, D. Martina, M. Maunder, and J. F. Ortega. 2005. Caribbean Islands. Pp 112-118 in R. A. Mittermeier, P. R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C. G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux, and G. A. B. da Fonseca (eds.), Hotspots revisited: Earth's biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX. E-print
  105. M. Schmid, I. Nanda, H. Hoehn, M. Schartl, T. Haaf, J.-M. Buerstedde, H. Arakawa, R. B. Caldwell, S. Weigend, D. W. Burt, J. Smith, D. K. Griffin, J. S. Masabanda, M. A. M. Groenen, R. P. M. A. Crooijmans, A. Vignal, V. Fillon, M. Morisson, F. Pitel, M. Vignoles, A. Garrigues, J. Gellin, A. V. Rodionov, S. A. Galkina, N. A. Lukina, G. Ben-Ari, S. Blum, J. Hillel, T. Twito, U. Lavi, L. David, M. W. Feldman, M. E. Delany, C.A. Conley, V. M. Fowler, S. B. Hedges, R. Godbout, S. Katyal, C. Smith, Q. Hudson, A. Sinclair and S. Mizunou. 2005. Second report on chicken genes and chromosomes 2005. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 109: 415-479. E-print
  106. Blair, J. E., P. Shah, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Evolutionary sequence analysis of complete eukaryote genomes. BMC Bioinformatics 4(53):1-10. E-print
  107. Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos. 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. J. Biogeogr. 32:1-10. E-print
  108. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular clocks do not support the Cambrian explosion. Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:387-390. E-print
    1. 2004
  109. Young, B. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Haiti: a megadiverse Caribbean country. P. 20 in B. E. Young, S. N. Stuart, J. S. Chanson, N. A. Cox, and T. M. Boucher, Disappearing Jewels: the Status of New World Amphibians. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia.
  110. Rabosky, D. L., K. P. Aplin, S. C. Donnellan, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of blindsnakes (Ramphotyphlops) from Western Australia and resurrection of Ramphotyphlops bicolor (Peters, 1857). Australian J. Zool. 52:531-548. E-print
  111. Battistuzzi, F. U., A. Feijão, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. A genomic timescale of prokaryote evolution: insights into the origin of methanogenesis, phototrophy, and the colonization of land. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:44 (14 pages). E-print
  112. Hedges, S. B. and S. Kumar. 2004. Precision of molecular time estimates. Trends in Genetics 20:242-247. E-print
  113. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular evidence for a terrestrial origin of snakes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 271:S226-S229. E-print
  114. Hedges, S. B., J. E. Blair, M. L. Venturi, and J. L. Shoe. 2004. A molecular timescale of eukaryote evolution and the rise of complex multicellular life. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:2 (9 pages). E-print
  115. Pisani, D., L. L. Poling, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The colonization of land by animals: molecular phylogeny and divergence times among arthropods. BMC Biology 2:1 (10 pages). E-print
  116. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The effect of external and internal fossil calibrations on the avian evolutionary timescale. Journal of Paleontology 78:45-50. E-print
    1. 2003
  117. Hower, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2003. Molecular Phylogeny and Biogeography of West Indian Teiid Lizards of the Genus Ameiva. Caribb. J. Sci. 39:298-306. E-print
  118. Hedges, S. B. 2003. Molecular clocks and a biological trigger for the Neoproterozoic snowball Earths and Cambrian explosion. Pp 27-40 in P. Donoghue and P. Smith, Eds., Telling evolutionary time: molecular clocks and the fossil record. CRC Press, London. E-print
  119. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The coelacanth of frogs. Nature 425:669-670. E-print
  120. Des Marais, D. J., L. J. Allamandola, S. A. Benner, A. P. Boss, J. R. Cronin, D. Deamer, P. G. Falkowski, J. D. Farmer, S. B. Hedges, B. M. Jakosky, A. H. Knoll, D. R. Liskowsky, V. J. Meadows, M. A. Meyer, C. B. Pilcher, K. H. Nealson, A. M. Spormann, J. D. Trent, W. W. Turner, N. J. Woolf, and H. W. Yorke. 2003. The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap. Astrobiology 3:219-235. E-print
  121. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The frog detectives of Pico Turquino. Pp. 51-57 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (eds.), Islands and the Sea: Essays on the Herpetological Exploration in the West Indies. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York).
  122. Diaz, L. M., A. Cadiz, and S. B. Hedges. 2003. A new grass frog from pine forests of western Cuba, and description of acoustic and pattern variation in Eleutherodactylus varleyi (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 39:176-188. E-print
  123. Hedges, S. B. and P. Shah. 2003. Comparison of mode estimation methods and application in molecular clock analysis. BMC Bioinformatics 4:31. E-print
  124. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2003. Genomic clocks and evolutionary timescales. Trends in Genetics 19:200-206. E-print
    1. 2002
  125. Werner, T., S. Weissman, S. B. Hedges, and K. Gardiner. 2002. Report on the twelfth international workshop on the identification of transcribed sequences: functional, expression, and evolutionary analysis. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 98:109-117.
  126. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Early life (book review). Quart. Rev. Biol. 77:445. E-print
  127. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae). Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Zool. Ser. 68:83-90. E-print
  128. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of caenophidian snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:987-995. E-print
  129. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:977-985. E-print
  130. Hedges, S. B. 2002. The origin and evolution of model organisms. Nature Reviews Genetics 3:838-849. E-print
  131. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2002. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 297:1283-1285. E-print
  132. Highton, R., S. B. Hedges, C. A. Hass, and H. G. Dowling. 2002. Snake relationships revealed by slowly-evolving proteins: further analysis and a reply. Herpetologica 58: 270-275. E-print
  133. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 2002. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from Eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 36:157-161. E-print
  134. Blair, J. E., K. Ikeo, T. Gojobori, and S. B. Hedges. 2002. The evolutionary position of nematodes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2:7 (7 pages). E-print
    1. 2001
  135. Stauffer, R. L., A. Walker, O. Ryder, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Human and ape molecular clocks and constraints on paleontological hypotheses. J. Heredity 92:469-474. E-print
  136. Hedges, S. B., O. H. Garrido, and L. M. Diaz. 2001. A new banded snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from North-Central Cuba. J. Herpetology 35:615-617. E-print
  137. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 2001. At the lower size limit in amniotes: a new diminutive lizard from the West Indies. Caribbean J. Sci. 37:168-173. E-print
  138. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new anole from the northern slopes of the Sierra Maestra in eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 35: 378-383. E-print
  139. Hedges, S. B., H. Chen, S. Kumar, D. Y.-C. Wang, A. S. Thompson, and H. Watanabe. 2001. A genomic timescale for the origin of eukaryotes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 1:4 (10 pages). E-print
  140. Pramuk, J. B., C. A. Hass, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian toads (Anura: Bufonidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 20:294-301. E-print
  141. Heckman, D. S., D. M. Geiser, B. R. Eidell, R. L. Stauffer, N. L. Kardos, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early colonization of land by fungi and plants. Science293:1129-1133. E-print
  142. van Tuinen, M., D. B. Butvill, J. A. W. Kirsch, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Convergence and divergence in the evolution of aquatic birds. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B268: 1345-1350. E-print
  143. Hass, C. A., L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Relationships and divergence times of West Indian amphibians and reptiles: insights from albumin immunology. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  144. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Caribbean biogeography: an overview. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  145. Diaz, L. M., A. E. Estrada, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new riparial frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Eastern Cuba. Caribbean J. Sci. 37: 63-71. E-print
  146. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early history of living vertebrates. Pp. 119-134 in P. E. Ahlberg (Ed.) Major events in early vertebrate evolution: palaeontology, phylogeny, genetics and development. Taylor and Francis, London. E-print
  147. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Calibration of avian molecular clocks. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18:206-213. E-print
  148. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Afrotheria: plate tectonics meets genomics. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 98:1-2. E-print
    1. 2000
  149. Tracy, M. R. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Evolutionary history of the enolase gene family. Gene 259:129-138. E-print
  150. Hedges, S. B. 2000. A start for population genomics. Nature 408:652-653. E-print
  151. Garrido, O. H. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Elevation of Anolis vanidicus rejectus Garrido and Schwartz (Sauria: Iguanidae) to species status and designation of Anolis mimus Schwartz and Thomas as a synonym. Caribb. J. Sci. 36:20-21. E-print
  152. Vidal, N., S. G. Kindl, A. Wong, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of xenodontine snakes inferred from 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 14:389-402. E-print
  153. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. The early history of modern birds inferred from DNA sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:451-457. E-print
  154. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1999. Molecular paleontology. Pp. 752-754 in R. Singer (ed.) Encyclopedia of Paleontology. Fitzroy-Dearborn Publishers, Chicago. E-print
  155. Hedges, S. B. 1999. The Amber Forest. Nature 402:459. (Book review). E-print
  156. O'Brien, S. J., J. F. Eisenberg, M. Miyamoto, S. B. Hedges, S. Kumar, and D. E. Wilson. 1999. Comparative genomics: mammalian radiations. Genome Maps 10 (phylogenetic tree). Science 286:463-478. E-print
  157. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 1999. Divergence times of eutherian mammals. Science 285:2031. E-print
  158. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1999. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 33:436-441. E-print
  159. Hedges, S. B. 1999. Distribution patterns of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 211-254 In, Duellman, W. E., Regional Patterns of Amphibian Distribution: A Global Perspective. Johns Hopkins University Press. E-print
  160. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and L. M. Diaz. 1999. A new snake (Tropidophis) from western Cuba. Copeia 1999:376-381. E-print
  161. Hedges, S. B., and L. L. Poling. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of reptiles. Science 283:998-1001. E-print
  162. Wang, D. Y.-C., S. Kumar, and S. B. Hedges. 1999. Divergence time estimates for the early history of animal phyla and the origin of plants, animals, and fungi. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 266:163-171. E-print
  163. Johnson, K., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Three new species of Calisto from southwestern Haiti (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 9:45-53. E-print
  164. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 667:1-2. E-print
  165. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Sistematica de las ranas riberenas de Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Carib. J. Sci. 34:218-230. E-print
  166. Hedges, S. Blair. 1998. Nature Debates: Molecules and the fossil record. Nature (www), November 1998. (Invited Essay). E-print
  167. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new gecko from the Sierra de Neiba of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 54:333-336. E-print
  168. Stanhope, M. J., V. G. Waddell, O. Madsen, W. de Jong, S. B. Hedges, G. Cleven, D. Kao, and M. S. Springer. 1998. Molecular evidence for multiple origins of Insectivora and for a new order of endemic African insectivore mammals. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95:9967-9972. E-print
  169. Feller, A. E. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Molecular evidence for the early history of living amphibians. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 9:509-516. E-print
  170. Schubart, C., R. Diesel, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Rapid evolution to terrestrial life in Jamaican crabs. Nature 393:363-365. E-print
  171. Kumar, S., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution. Nature 392:917-920. E-print
  172. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Phylogeny and biogeography of ratite birds inferred from DNA sequences of the mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15:370-376. E-print
  173. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new amphisbaenian from Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:92-96. E-print
  174. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1998. A new gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Maestra of Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:66-69. E-print
  175. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus parapelates. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 649:1-2. E-print
  176. Cunningham, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept 648:1-2. E-print
  177. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus amadeus. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 647:1-2. E-print
  178. Hedges, S. B. 1998. Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics. Amer. Zool. 37:262-263. (Book review). E-print
  179. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new anguid lizard from Cuba. Copeia 1998:97-103. E-print
  180. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1997. Complementary uses of molecules and morphology. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 8:445. E-print
  181. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Meseta de Cabo Cruz, eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 33:227-232. E-print
  182. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) del Macizo de Sagua-Baracoa, región oriental de Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 33:222-226. E-print
  183. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new species of frog from the Sierra Maestra, eastern Cuba (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). J. Herpetol. 31:364-368. E-print
  184. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Quart. Rev. Biol. 72:213. (Book review). E-print
  185. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Molecular zoology. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25:187. (Book review). E-print
  186. Hedges, S. B. 1996. More on Caribbean zoogeography. Herpetologica 52:622-624. E-print
  187. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Historical biogeography of West Indian vertebrates. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:163-196. E-print
  188. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. At the lower size limit in tetrapods: a new diminutive frog from Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1996:852-859. E-print
  189. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1996. Molecules and morphology in amniote phylogeny. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 6:312-314. E-print
  190. Dowling, H. G., C. A. Hass, S. B. Hedges, and R. Highton. 1996. Snake relationships revealed by slow-evolving proteins: a preliminary survey. J. Zool. (London) 240:1-28. E-print
  191. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Vicariance and dispersal in Caribbean biogeography. Herpetologica 52:466-473. E-print
  192. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 52:435-439. E-print
  193. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The Hispaniolan frog Eleutherodactylus neodreptus Schwartz (Anura: Leptodactylidae) is a synonym of E. audanti Cochran. Caribb. J. Sci. 32:248. E-print
  194. Hedges, S. B., P. H. Parker, C. G. Sibley, and S. Kumar. 1996. Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals. Nature 381:226-229. E-print
  195. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The origin of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp 95-128 in R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.). Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A tribute to Albert Schwartz. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, NY. E-print
  196. Hedges, S. B., L. Gonzalez, and A. R. Estrada. 1995. Rediscovery of the Cuban frogs Eleutherodactylus cubanus and E. turquinensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 31:327-332. E-print
  197. Hedges, S. B., Simmons, M. D., VanDikj, M. A., Caspers, G., DeJong, W. W., and C. G. Sibley. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of the Hoatzin, an enigmatic South American bird. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA)92:11662-11665. E-print
  198. Highton, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Geographic protein variation in Pseudacris brimleyi (Anura: Hylidae) analysis by sequential electrophoresis. J. Herpetol. 29:351-357. E-print
  199. Hay, J. M., I. Ruvinsky, S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of amphibian families inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:928-937. E-print
  200. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from eastern Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 31:65-72. E-print
  201. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1995. Detecting dinosaur DNA. Science 268:1191-1192. E-print
  202. Henderson, R. W., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Origin of West Indian populations of the geographically widespread boa Corallus enydris inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 4:88-92. E-print
  203. Heise, P. J., H. G. Dowling, L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Higher-level snake phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of 12SrRNA and 16SrRNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:259-265. E-print
  204. Bogart, J. P., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Rapid chromosome evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae). J. Zool. (London) 235:9-31. E-print
  205. Frye, M. S., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Monophyly of the order Rodentia inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the genes for 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, and tRNA-valine. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:168-176. E-print
  206. Hedges, S. B., and K. Johnson. 1994. Calisto tasajera in the Hispaniolan Cordillera Central (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepidop. 5:93-94. E-print
  207. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1994. Towards a biogeography of the Caribbean. Cladistics10:43-55. E-print
  208. Hedges, S. B., and C. G. Sibley. 1994. Molecules vs. morphology in avian evolution: the case of the "pelecaniform" birds. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 91:9861-9865. E-print
  209. Hedges, S. B., and R. L. Bezy. 1994. Xantusiid lizards and phylogenetic inference. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 3:275-278. E-print
  210. Hedges, S. B. 1994. Molecular evidence for the origin of birds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 91:2621-2624. E-print
  211. Ruth, B. C., W. A. Dunson, C. L. Rowe, and S. B. Hedges. 1993. Molecular and functional evaluation of the egg mass color polymorphism of the spotted salamander, Ambystoma maculatum. J. Herpetology 27:307-314. E-print
  212. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1993. A new species of gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 27:300-306. E-print
  213. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1993. A new banded Sphaerodactylus from eastern Hispaniola (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 49:350-354. E-print
  214. Hedges, S. B., and C. A. Woods. 1993. Caribbean hot spot. Nature 364:375. E-print
  215. Hedges, S. B., R. A. Nussbaum, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Caecilian phylogeny and biogeography inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Herpetol. Monogr. 7:64-76. E-print
  216. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1993. A molecular perspective on Lissamphibian phylogeny. Herpetol. Monogr. 7:27-42. E-print
  217. Hedges, S. B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2:290-303. E-print
  218. Hedges, S. B. and R. L. Bezy. 1993. Phylogeny of xantusiid lizards: concern for data and analysis. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 2:76-87. E-print
  219. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Relations of fish and tetrapods. Nature 363:501-502. E-print
  220. Hass, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Molecular insights into the relationships and biogeography of West Indian anoline lizards. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21:97-114. E-print
  221. Hedges, S. B. and A. Schluter. 1992. Eleutherodactylus eurydactylus, a new species of frog from central Amazonian Perú (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Copeia 1992:1002-1006. E-print
  222. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. An unusual new Sphaerodactylus from Hispaniola (Squamata, Gekkonidae). J. Herpetology 26:289-292. E-print
  223. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus from eastern Cuba (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 48:358-367. E-print
  224. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. Two new species of Eleutherodactylus from remnant cloud forest in Haiti (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 48:351-358. E-print
  225. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Copeia1992:820-825. E-print
  226. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Three new grass anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) from Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 28:21-29. E-print
  227. Hedges, S. B. 1992. A reconsideration of two montane species of Eleutherodactylus in Hispaniola (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 28:11-16. E-print
  228. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and R. Thomas. 1992. Three new species of Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba, with notes on vocalizations of other species (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetol. Monogr. 6:68-83. E-print
  229. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Cuban snakes of the genus Arrhyton: Two new species and a reconsideration of A. redimitum Cope. Herpetologica 48:168-177. E-print
  230. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. A new marsh-dwelling species of Eleutherodactylus from Haiti (Anura:Leptodactylidae). J. Herpetology 26:191-195. E-print
  231. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Karyotype of the Cuban lizard Cricosaura typica and its implications for xantusiid phylogeny. Copeia 1992(2):563-565. E-print
  232. Hedges, S. B., J. P. Bogart, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Ancestry of unisexual salamanders (genus Ambystoma). Nature 356:708-710. E-print
  233. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: Molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 89:1909-1913. E-print
  234. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1992. 18S rRNA sequences and amniote phylogeny: reply to Marshall. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):374-377. E-print
  235. Hedges, S. B. 1992. The number of replications needed for accurate estimation of the bootstrap p-value in phylogenetic studies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):366-369. E-print
  236. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, K. Tamura, and M. Stoneking. 1992. Human origins and analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Science 255:737-739. E-print
  237. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. The importance of systematic research in the conservation of amphibian and reptile populations. Pp. 56-61 in Moreno, J. A. (ed.), Status y distribución de los reptiles y anfibios de la región de Puerto Rico. Departamento de Recursos Naturales de Puerto Rico, Publicación Científica Miscelánea No. 1. E-print
  238. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) de la región oriental de Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:139-145. E-print
  239. Schwartz, A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. An elevational transect of Lepidoptera on Pico Turquino, Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:130-138. E-print
  240. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Albumin evolution in West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae): Caribbean biogeography and a calibration of the albumin immunological clock. J. Zool. (London) 225:413-426. E-print
  241. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47:448-459. E-print
  242. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Pancreatic polypeptide and the sister group of birds. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:888-891. E-print
  243. Hedges, S. B., R. L. Bezy, and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of xantusiid lizards inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:767-780. E-print
  244. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Rediscovery and description of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis darlingtoni (Sauria, Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 27:90-93. E-print
  245. Hedges, S. B. 1991. Electrophoretic and morphological variation in Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) of Hispaniola. J. Herpetology 25:10-17. E-print
  246. Hedges, S. B., K. D. Moberg, and L. R. Maxson. 1990. Tetrapod phylogeny inferred from 18S and 28S ribosomal RNA sequences and a review of the evidence for amniote relationships. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:607-633. E-print
  247. Hedges, S. B., and K. L. Burnell. 1990. The Jamaican radiation of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an analysis of relationships and biogeography using sequential electrophoresis. Carib. J. Sci. 26:31-44. E-print
  248. Burnell, K. L., and S. B. Hedges. 1990. Relationships of West Indian Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an approach using slow-evolving protein loci. Carib. J. Sci. 26:7-30. E-print
  249. Hedges, S. B. 1990. Species concepts and speciation. (Review of Speciation and its Consequences; Otte, D., and J. A. Endler, eds.). Syst. Zool. 39:95-96. E-print
  250. Hedges, S. B. 1990. A new species of Phrynopus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) from Peru. Copeia 1990:108-112. E-print
  251. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Evolution and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus: slow-evolving loci and the major groups. Pp 305-370 in Woods, C. (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida. E-print
  252. Hedges, S. B. 1989. An island radiation: allozyme evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 25:123-147. E-print
  253. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1989. A new Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae) from the Chaine de la Selle of Haiti. Copeia 1989:882-887. E-print
  254. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and T. K. Maugel. 1989. Physiological color change in snakes. J. Herpetology 23:450-455. E-print
  255. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Geographic protein variation in the Jamaican blind snake, Typhlops jamaicensis (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 25:93-96. E-print
  256. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from the Sierra de Neiba, Hispaniola. Herpetologica 45:330-336. E-print
  257. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. Supplement to West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 77:1-11. E-print
  258. Hedges. S. B. 1988. A new diminutive frog from Hispaniola (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1988(3):636-641. E-print
  259. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the southern Dominican Republic. Herpetologica 44(1):96-104. E-print
  260. Hedges, S. B. 1987. Vocalization and habitat preference of the Jamaican treefrog, Hyla marianae (Anura, Hylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 23:380-384. E-print
  261. Hedges, S. B., R. Thomas, and R. Franz. 1987. A new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae) from the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Copeia 1987:943-949. E-print
  262. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1987. A new burrowing frog from Hispaniola with comments on the inoptatus group of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 43:269-279. E-print
  263. Hedges, S. B. 1986. An electrophoretic analysis of Holarctic hylid frog evolution. Syst. Zool. 35(1):1­21. E-print
  264. Hedges, S. B. 1985. The influence of size and phylogeny on life history variation in reptiles: a response to Stearns. Amer. Nat. 126(2):258-260. E-print
  265. Busack, S. D., and S. B. Hedges. 1984. Is the peninsular effect a red herring? Amer. Nat. 123(2):266-275. E-print
  266. Hedges, S. B. 1982. Caribbean biogeography: implications of recent plate tectonic studies. Syst. Zool. 31(4):518-522. E-print
  267. Mitchell, J. C., and S. B. Hedges. 1980. Ambystoma mabeei (Caudata: Ambystomatidae): an addition to the salamander fauna of Virginia. Brimleyana 3:119-121. E-print
  268. Zug, G. R., S. B. Hedges, and S. Sunkel. 1979. Variation in reproductive parameters of three neotropical snakes, Coniophanes fissidens, Dipsas catesbyi, and Imantodes cenchoa. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 300:1-20. E-print
  269. Hedges, S. B. 1977. The presence of the scarlet kingsnake, Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides Holbrook (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), in the Florida Keys. Herpetol. Rev. 8(4):125-126. E-print

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